2016/05/06 EDITOR G.P
Writing a good abstract First ?
read the instructions to authors!
This may sound obvious, but…..Abstracts for both papers and conferences may differ quite markedly in style and length and must be constructed according to the instructions.
Having said that, all Abstracts should include four parts: introduction, methods, results and conclusions.
These must be labelled as such if the instructions require a structured Abstract, as is sometimes the case, but it is a good idea to present the Abstract in this manner even if this is not formally required.
The introduction, or background, should provide a brief description of the context for the work to be presented, followed by the research question posed and investigated, or the rationale for the study or trial.
The methods should describe how the work was done and the results should clearly state the outcome, the level of detail depending on the space available and the nature of the subject matter. Finally, there should be a concluding sentence which avoids repeating the results but provides an interpretation of the results and an indication of their importance.
Let us be clear ? a good abstract is never easy to write and requires very clearly describing what was done and why it was done, and why the reader should be interested in the full content of the paper or the presentation. Verbosity must be avoided at all costs, and language as clear and simple as possible should be used. Jargon should be avoided as far as possible and the use of unusual abbreviations minimized.
It goes without saying that the quality of the English language must be excellent, because if the Abstract is hard to understand for that reason, the paper will not be downloaded and read, or the conference presentation will be avoided. For this reason, NAI offers editing services which not only correct the English grammar, but also employs professional scientists to consider the content of the Abstract in the light of the content of the paper or presentation itself, and able to advise accordingly on how to improve the impact of the Abstract.